Morse Codes


For learning 'Morse Code' it is recommended to use the following for reference.


Letter Morse Letter Morse
A di-dah di-dah-di-dah
B dah-di-di-dit di-dah-dah-di-dah
C dah-di-dah-dit di-dah-dah-di-dah
D dah-di-dit Ch dah-dah-dah-dah
E dit di-di-dah-di-dit
F di-di-dah-dit dah-dah-di-dah-dah
G dah-dah-dit dah-dah-dah-dit
H di-di-di-dit di-di-dah-dah
I di-dit Digit Morse
J di-dah-dah-dah 0 dah-dah-dah-dah-dah
K dah-di-dah 1 di-dah-dah-dah-dah
L di-dah-di-dit 2 di-di-dah-dah-dah
M dah-dah 3 di-di-di-dah-dah
N dah-dit 4 di-di-di-di-dah
O dah-dah-dah 5 di-di-di-di-dit
P di-dah-dah-dit 6 dah-di-di-di-dit
Q dah-dah-di-dah 7 dah-dah-di-di-dit
R di-dah-dit 8 dah-dah-dah-di-dit
S di-di-dit 9 dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
T dah    
U di-di-dah    
V di-di-di-dah    
W di-dah-dah    
X dah-di-di-dah    
Y dah-di-dah-dah    
Z dah-dah-di-dit    


Punctuation Mark Morse
Full-stop (period) di-dah-di-dah-di-dah
Comma dah-dah-di-di-dah-dah
Colon dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit
Question mark (query) di-di-dah-dah-di-dit
Apostrophe di-dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
Hyphen dah-di-di-di-di-dah
Slash ("/") dah-di-di-dah-dit
Brackets (parentheses) di-dah-di-di-dah-dit
Quotation marks di-dah-di-di-dah-dit
At sign di-dah-dah-di-dah-dit
Equals sign dah-di-di-di-dah
Prosign Morse
AR, End of message di-dah-di-dah-dit
AS, Wait di-dah-di-di-dit
BT (or TV), Break in the text dah-di-di-di-dah
CL, Going off the air ("clear") dah-di-dah-di-di-dah-di-dit
SK, End of transmission di-di-di-dah-di-dah



Other Phrases Abbreviation
Over K
Roger R
See you later CUL
Be seeing you BCNU
You're UR
Signal report RST
Best regards 73
Love and kisses 88
QSL I acknoledge reciept
QSL? Do you acknowledge?
QRX Wait
QRX? Should I Wait?
QRV I am ready to copy
QRV? Are you ready to copy
ORL The frequency is in use
ORL? Is the frequency in use
QTH My location is...
QTH? What is your location?





If the duration of a dot is taken to be one unit then that of a dash is three units. The space between the components of one character is one unit, between characters is three units and between words seven units. To indicate that a mistake has been made and for the receiver to delete the last word, send di-di-di-di-di-di-di-dit (eight dots).

The prosigns are combinations of two letters sent together with no space in between. The other abbreviations and Q codes are sent with the normal spacing.

If you want to learn morse code then please find this site helpful: